If you know about Artificial Intelligence from movies like Avengers: Age of Ultron or Terminator, then it’s time to explore more the evolution of this computer-based system in real life.
Noted from Mirabito & Morgenstern (2004), Artificial Intelligence is a system that able to duplicate most important part of human which are thinking and finding a reason. It happens with neural network technology which attempts to simulate how the brain processes information in order to complete a task.
Artificial Intelligence has been used massively in various fields since last year. One of the most significant impacts come from the need for big data. Taken from Kompas, Association of Internet Service Provider Indonesia record the number of internet users has reached 132,7 million people with 67.8% are accessed from the smartphone. That activity includes text, photo, video, voice, and the map is able to provide big data which very helpful in developing an Artificial Intelligence.
Let’s take a look how AI evolves in real life*:
Alan Turing, mathematic expert and robot creators, work together with the neurologist, Grey Walter, in developing a robot that can imitate conversations like a human.
1958 – 1959
John McCarthy, the computer expert, was one of an initiator of the term Artificial Intelligence (AI). A specialised lab for AI was built by Marvin Minsky at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
1961 – 1970
Three robots were built during this period. They are Unimate, the first industrial robot, used by General Motors; Shakey, the first robot that can act based on observation of the surroundings; and WABOT-1, the robot that has limb control, sight, and conversation system.
1986 – 1997
Mercedes-Benz created a driverless car ( a car that can move without driver) by using some small camera and sensor system. They built this with the help of Universität der Bundeswehr München. IBM created a supercomputer, Deep Blue, and tested by competing in a chess game against 1997 World Champion, Garry Kasparov.
2000 – 2005
ASIMO, a humanoid robot, was built by Honda and has the capability to walk as fast as a human. iRobot developed a robot that can track the presence of bombs and used during war in Iraq & Afghanistan
2011 – 2016
IBM developed an app, Watson, which can understand all forms of data, interact with people naturally, learn and reason at scale. Google made some program such as chatbot named Eugene Goostman which can translate the voice directly and Alphago that earmarked for board game.
*Source: 2 May 2017, Kompas: Kecerdasan Buatan Tidak Terelakkan.